Fear as a barrier
Everybody gets scared. Fortunately, fear warns people of danger. They put the body on alert, and a rapid response is possible. So when people settle a burning smell, they can quickly extinguishing the fire or flee. In this case, fear is a healthy response to danger.
But some people are scared when the circumstances have little reason to give. They dare not to go out of their home, check ten times whether the gas is off. If the sweat breaks them off at the thought that they should consult a phone call. People with such excessive fears tend to avoid many ordinary situations they associate with fear. Such avoidance is more determine their lives, while their anxiety is not reduced. Someone with an anxiety disorder has such fears.
Symptoms of anxiety and panic
Common complaints with an anxiety disorder include headache, difficulty sleeping, lack of appetite and concentration problems. Also, people often suffer from a feeling of fear, anxiety, malaise, irritability, nervousness, tension and anxiety.
During an anxiety or panic attack are the most common physical symptoms;
– Pain or tightness in chest
– Breathlessness, choking feeling
– Fast breathing and panting
– Dizziness or feeling faint
– Trembling or shaking
– Nausea or diarrea
– Numbness or tingling in the extremities
– A feeling of unreality, as if watching a film.
People often think that they even have a heart attack.
In a panic attack occurs frequently changing breathing with typical symptoms of tingling in the body, incentives around the mouth and a dry mouth. In popular parlance it is sometimes called hyperventilation. Hyperventilation is an outdated term and is hardly used. Several theories have been superseded hyperventilation. Thus, breathing into a bag to have no effect.
Types of anxiety disorders
The boundary between a fear and an anxiety disorder is difficult to draw. Fear of snakes is wise. But when someone stiffens at the sight of a snake on TV, there is an abnormal fear. Characteristic of an anxiety disorder is excessive anxiety and is clearly not realistic, while the person so much and has the burden of daily life severely hampered.
There are different types of anxiety disorders.
A specific phobia is a fear of certain things, animals or situations. This fear may be accompanied by intense physical symptoms and panic feelings. The person usually knows well that his fear is not real, but the fear wins over common sense.
A phobia is almost always associated with avoidance behavior: phobic people will shy away from situations where they have experienced anxiety or fear which they feel the fear. Therefore they are hampered in their daily functioning. People with a phobia are often expected to suffer from anxiety alone, at the thought that she will be a frightening situation, they will suffer from anxiety.
Someone with a simple phobia is fear of one extraordinary thing, animal or situation. Are known phobias: heights, fear of flying, claustrophobia, fear of spiders or mice or dentist. With simple phobia is often good to live. Aircraft and hoses are in fact quite easy to avoid. One in 10 Dutch in greater or lesser extent by a single phobia.
Hypochondria (fear of illness) is similar to a single phobia. A person with hypochondria is a fear of serious illness among members, even though doctors can find no exemption. Frequent, thorough physical examination in the hospital does not help. The fear that it is a very rare disease is strengthened by earlier.
People with social phobia (social anxiety disorder) often create the impression extremely shy. They feel in particular (unknown) critical views and company have always felt the “not good” to do.
The fear it strange to be controlled and to go throughout their doings. Contacts is a major problem. Social phobias can relate to various situations, such as the fear meeting people, phoning, speaking in public or in a restaurant to eat. Nearly 8% of the Dutch population has a life time expense of a social phobia.
Fear Street is also called agoraphobia, or agoraphobia. Someone with street fear fear iis not where he can get away easily and not afraid to get help if something happens to him suddenly. On street or in large crowded areas where someone feels helpless and terrified. He can be overtaken by panic. But fear can also occur streets without fear attacks. People with street fear, dare not, for example the streets come to a cinema or go by bus or train travel. Some people are so scared that they dare not be home alone. More than 3% of all Dutch gets in his life ever street fear complaints.
Someone who has a panic disorder can completely unexpectedly attacked by great fear. They have the feeling of losing control over himself. The sensation to faint, dying or insane is overwhelming. The sudden panic anxiety is associated with hunting physical phenomena, which reinforce the feeling. A panic attack can arise anywhere, with no immediate reason. In the Netherlands, 4% of people ever experienced a panic attack. But there is only one case of panic disorder and panic attacks fear of life is control. Many people with panic disorder is a fear street.
Someone with an obsessive-compulsive disorder (obsessive-compulsive disorder) always repeats certain acts and thoughts. Examples are: wash hands, check the gas off, cleaning the house or all yellow pavement tiles count, even one hundred times in one days.
The obsessions and compulsions must protect against a massive fear and anxiety and the feeling that something terrible will happen. 1 to 4% of all Dutch ever get obsessions.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
People with generalized anxiety disorder (disorder worrier) will make long time very concerned about issues associated with everyday life. Such as money and health, while their lives objectively everything goes well. If anyone has misgivings, is worrying, is gloomy and anxious and can begin to feel agitated and restless. An estimated 2% of all Dutch in his life a generalized
Tips for people with anxiety disorder
– Try a fair picture of your fears and the impact it has on your life
– Talk about your fears with people in your area
– Bring yourself to the symptoms of panic or anxiety in novice map
– Do as little as possible to the fear and anxiety go hunting situations as it can not avoid.
– Be prepared for physical symptoms you can expect in situations that frighten you. If you do not run away but the situation for confrontation, you’ll notice that the unrest, the shaking and sweating after a while sinking.
Tips for the environment
– Recognize the enormous fear of the Other, even though that seems excessive and unrealistic. Try the anxiety remains to talk
– Keep the other always encourage yourself to do things and to confront fearful situations, but not mandatory.
– Encourage him or her to seek professional help or support from mental health?
– Find more information about anxiety disorders, in bookstores, the library or the Internet (www.googe.nl)
– Find support if you have too much fear.